SUSTAGARD ARTRO AMPOULE S/R IN/M 200MG/ML 2ML
SUSTAGARD ARTRO AMPOULE S/R IN/M 200MG/ML 2ML - 5 pcs
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Solution for intramuscular administration of 200 mg / ml complete with a solvent. Ampoule A: 2 ml in ampoules of light-protective glass with a colored ring of fracture or with a color point and a notch. One, two or three color rings and / or two-dimensional bar code and / or alphanumeric coding with or without additional color rings, two-dimensional bar code, alpha-numeric coding are additionally applied to the ampoules. On 5 ampoules in a blister strip packaging from a film of polyvinyl chloride and aluminum foil or polymer film, or without foil and film. Ampoule B: 1 ml each in ampoules of colorless glass with a colored fracture ring or with a colored dot and notch. One, two or three color rings and / or two-dimensional bar code and / or alphanumeric coding with or without additional color rings, two-dimensional bar code, alpha-numeric coding are additionally applied to the ampoules. On 5 ampoules in a blister strip packaging from a film of polyvinyl chloride and aluminum foil or polymer film, or without foil and film. 1 blister packaging with ampoules A and 1 blister packaging with ampoules B together with instructions for use in a carton pack.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: stimulator tissue repair
Ampoule A. One ampoule (2 ml) contains:
active substance:Sodium Glucosamine sulphate chloride (on a dry matter basis) - 502.5 mg (contains 400 mg mg of glucosamine sulphate, 102.5 mg sodium chloride)
Excipients:lidocaine hydrochloride-10.0 mg, sodium disulfite-2.0 mg, concentrated hydrochloric acid - to pH 2.0-3.0, water for injection - up to 2 ml.
Ampoule B (solvent). One ampoule (1 ml) contains: diethanolamine - 24.0 mg, water for injection - up to 1 ml.
Ampoule A is a colorless or light yellow transparent liquid.
Ampoule B (solvent) is a colorless transparent liquid. Solution: Ampoule A + Ampoule B (solvent) - a colorless or light yellow transparent liquid without suspended particles.
Pharmacodynamics. The drug stimulates the regeneration of cartilage tissue,
anabolic, anti-catabolic, chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory,
Glucosamine sulfate, the active component of the drug Sustagard® ARTRO,
is a salt of the natural aminosaccharide glucosamine, which is physiologically contained in the body. Glucosamine stimulates chondrocyte synthesis of proteoglycans (glycosaminoglycans and hyaluronic acid) of the synovial fluid;
inhibits enzymes (collagenase, phospholipase A2, etc.), causing the destruction of cartilage tissue; prevents the formation of superoxide radicals, inhibits the activity of lysosomal enzymes; initiates the process of sulfur fixation in the synthesis of Chondroitin sulfuric acid and contributes to the normal deposition of Calcium in the bone tissue; interferes with the damaging effect of corticosteroids on chondrocytes and impaired glycosaminoglycan synthesis induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Sulfo groups are also involved in the synthesis of glycosaminoglycans and the metabolism of cartilage, and the side chain sulfoesters of proteoglycans, helping to retain water in maintaining the elasticity of the cartilage matrix.
Glucosamine sulfate stops the destruction of cartilage and reduces symptoms in osteoarthritis. Reduction of clinical symptoms usually occurs 2 weeks after the start of treatment, with continued clinical improvement within 8 weeks after discontinuation of the drug.
Pharmacokinetics. After intramuscular administration of glucosamine, sulphate passes rapidly through biological barriers and penetrates into tissues, mainly articular cartilage. Half-life T½ - About 60 hours, mainly excreted by the kidneys.
Indications and usage
Primary and secondary osteoarthritis, osteochondrosis, spondylarthrosis.
Hypersensitivity to glucosamine, Lidocaine and other components of the drug
Due to the content of lidocaine: cardiac conduction disturbances, acute heart failure, history of epileptiform convulsions, severe liver and kidney dysfunction; period of pregnancy and breastfeeding, children and adolescents up to 18 years.
Patients with chronic heart failure, arterial hypotension, the drug should be used with caution.
If you are intolerant to seafood (shrimp, shellfish), the likelihood of allergic reactions to the drug increases.
The safety of the use of lidocaine anesthetics is questionable in patients
prone to malignant hyperthermia, therefore, in such cases, their use should be avoided. Special care should be taken when using the drug in patients with circulatory failure, hypotension, and impaired liver and / or kidney function. Caution should be exercised in the appointment of lidocaine in elderly patients with epilepsy, in violation of the conductivity of the heart, with respiratory failure.
Only for intramuscular application! The drug is not intended for intravenous administration.
Immediately before administration, mix the contents of ampoule A with ampoule B
(solvent) in one syringe. The prepared solution (3 ml) is injected intramuscularly.
3 times a week for 4-6 weeks.
Injections of the drug can be combined with the intake of glucosamine.
Gastrointestinal:flatulence, diarrhea, constipation.
Allergic reactions:urticaria, itching.
Local reactions:feeling of light burning (disappears with the development of anesthetic effect for 1 min), thrombophlebitis.
Because of the lidocaine contained in the drug, side reactions are possible that are characteristic of this component.on the part of the digestive system: nausea, vomiting;with side of the nervous system: numbness of tongue and oral mucosa, drowsiness, diplopia, headache, dizziness, tremor, euphoria, disorientation;from the side of cardio-vascular system: violation of cardiac conduction; allergic reactions:swelling, anaphylactic shock.
Disulfite, which is part of the sodium preparation, is capable in rare cases of causing severe hypersensitivity reactions and bronchospasm.
No cases of overdose have been identified.
The preparation contains the excipient lidocaine hydrochloride. The first symptoms of a CNS overdose of lidocaine hydrochloride can be:
numbness of the tongue and lips, agitation, anxiety, tinnitus, dizziness, blurred vision, tremor, depression, drowsiness. It is necessary to monitor the patient’s cardiovascular and respiratory functions. Changes in these parameters may indicate an overdose of the drug, so the patient should immediately provide oxygen. All complications require symptomatic treatment.
Interaction with other drugs
Glucosamine sulfate is compatible with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,
paracetamol and glucocorticosteroids.
The drug contains the excipient lidocaine. Cimetidine, peptidine,
bupivacaine, propranolol, quinidine, disopyramide, Amitriptyline, nortriptyline,
chlorpromazine, imipramine increase the level of lidocaine in the blood plasma, reducing its hepatic metabolism. With simultaneous use with class I antiarrhythmic drugs (including quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide)
interval lengthening occurs Q-Tin very rare cases development is possible.
AV blockade or ventricular fibrillation. When used simultaneously with sedatives, the sedative effect is enhanced. Phenytoin enhances the cardiodepressive effect of lidocaine. With simultaneous use with procainamide delusions, hallucinations are possible. Lidocaine can enhance the action of drugs that prejudice the blockade of neuromuscular transmission, since the latter reduce the conductivity of nerve impulses. Ethanol enhances the inhibitory effect of lidocaine on breathing.
Sustagard® ARTHRO should be used with caution in patients with impaired glucose tolerance. To be used with caution in the treatment of patients with bronchial asthma.
One dose of the drug contains 40.8 mg of sodium. This should be considered when prescribing patients who are shown a strict salt-free diet.
Due to the fact that the lidocaine adjuvant is part of the injection form of the drug, before using it, it is necessary to conduct a skin test for individual sensitivity to the drug, which may be indicated by edema and redness of the injection site.
Influence on ability to manage transport by means and mechanisms
The effect of glucosamine on the ability to drive vehicles and mechanisms was not considered. It should be borne in mind that lidocaine is part of
which may have a temporary effect on motor ability and coordination. During treatment, care must be taken when driving and engaging in other potentially hazardous activities.
In the dark place at a temperature of no higher than 25 ° C.
Keep out of the reach of children.